Seventy years since Carl Henry went into training for the engagement in Europe. We follow him in his progress, starting now!
Editor's note: Was going to put off the project, until I saw this video of a huge anti-semitic demonstration in Paris, 1/26/2014.
This is a tribute to all the Jewish men who fought to liberate Europe!
April 11, 1945, Ohrdruf: [See full handtyped letter, below] "In the interior of one of the barracks, on one of the straw pallets, lay a live human being, distinguishable from the dead only by the blinking of his eyes....Here we saw vast pits scooped in the earth where incompletely burned bodies were tossed and immersed in lime to complete their destruction. At the edge of the pits were vast pyre sites. Here on some railroad tracks which we saw the charred remains of a number of bodies which had been incompletely incinerated...Villagers have confessesd to our troops that for two years without interrruption the fire has been burning, so you can calculate well the number that has passed through here. Close by was a huge poker with which the firemen stirred the bodies to complete their consumption. The Frenchman told me that this was one of the more insignificant of Germany's concentration camps. He had been at Dachau and Buchenwald, where they really did things in a big way....There's all the difference in the world between seeing something like this and reading about it, and now millions of Americans will know, through these boys, that all we heard about the Nazis was not propaganda."
For a film of the army's discovery of this camp, see minutes 8:24 to 14:09 of this National Archives footage( ARC: 43452 NAIL: 238.2)
More Carl Henry photographs here Photo of Edith Entratter by Gabor Eder Read about Carl Henry's papers, now at U Mass Amherst
See Carl Henry Levy's childhood memories live in films he made, now at the USHMM's Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive as well as at the Du Bois iIbrary, U Mass, Amherst.
See Carl Henry in 1985 revisiting his father's family's Alsacian roots that he had filmed in 1927...and read their tragic and heroic story.
World War II news from the front
Every day that he served overseas, for 15 months -with a very few days exception due to conditions and movements in the Battle of the Bulge- Carl Henry used the office typewriter from his desk job as Warrant Officer Junior Grade and then Chief Warrant Officer to write to his wife Edith- one, two, three or four pages a day.
She preserved the letters in books, one book for every month of his service overseas.
(Edith did not save her letters, contrary to Carl's request, when he sent them back to her.... but we do have some of her memoirs, here.)
Carl's letters are typed on onion-skin paper and with very few excisions from the censors, since he knew how to censor himself,
contain detailed, sometimes intimate, record of the experiences, sights, and feelings of a literate and affectionate man.
His somewhat obsessive personality serves to increase the detail of the description, both about war-shattered Europe and his own feelings and those of his buddies. From “Somewhere in England” to “Somewhere in Germany”, here then is Carl Henry's enthralling document of the Third Army’s liberation of Europe.
Contact: Diana Mara Henry, 187 Prospect St., Newport, VT 05855
• Born Carl Henry Levy, Cincinnati, Ohio, May 7, 1913
• Graduated Harvard College: 1934, AB, Magna cum Laude
Philosophy major, Phi Beta Kappa
• Met and married Edith Entratter on December 25th, 1941
• Enlisted (after changing his name) and worked in cryptography unit at Fort Monmouth, 1942
• Attended Officer Candidate School and was about to graduate 5th in his class, when he was, for political reasons, told he would not graduate.
• Created a publishing project: Roll Call of America
• Served in US Army and rose from Private to Chief Warrant Officer, Third Army, 80th Infantry Division; awarded the Bronze Star for meritorius service ( see below)
• Served in European theater from July 1944 to September 1945, from Normandy to Luxemburg, through the Battle of the Bulge and Germany. Participated in the liberation of Ohrdruf concentration camp.(see full account below)
• After his return, founded Lucky Stride Shoes and retired in 1960. Deceased in NYC, August 24, 2001.
Read his obituary tribute for the Jewish Press by Rabbi Ephraim Z. Buchwald
The Cincinnati Post
October 6, 1944
Carl Henry's medals:
Bronze Star medal
American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
WW II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
with Germany Clasp
Honorable Service Lapel Button WW II
Chief Warrant Officer Carl Henry (1913-2001) fourth from left, back row, in August 1945 photograph.
Christmas card from General Patton
More printed news from the front here
CAUTION: GRAPHIC DESCRIPTION BELOW
(More about the Ohrdruf concentration camp, a subcamp of Buchenwald; and the US Defense Dept film the Army took when they visited eight or so camps--this film also includes a visit to Ohrdruf : www.museumoffamilyhistory.com/cc/ccamps-us.htm
Read Edith Henry's account of their early war years together
Contact: Diana Mara Henry, 187 Prospect St. Newport, VT. 05855
Transcription of part of Carl Henry’s letter of 1/25/45 starting “Somewhere in Luxemburg” :
“Incidentally, regarding the Bronze Star Medal, as personnel officer I am responsible for all publicity releases to local papers on events in the battalion. Sgt. Hull typed up a publicity release on my award., but I decided not to send it forward. In the first place, there is so much jealousy in this world, especially in our ownfamily, but also outside, that I think it better not to say anything publicly about it. What is to be gained? I’m not ashamed of the award, I’m very proud, but there will be time enough after ...is over to say something about it. For the time being, I think it good polic[y]
- page two -
[to] keep it under my hat. Of course, it may be of definite value in connection with the OTP, of very definite value. The way they will probably reason back in Washington is that they don’t want to bring anyone back, first, who hasn’t been overseas a fairly good length of time (I’ve got something there), who doesn’t have age ( 32 is not too bad in that connection – probably the minimum necessary), military dispensability ( apersonnel officer would seem to come under that heading), and one or two decorations to boot. This last would give me an edge over probably every other applicant in the division, which isn’t too many, I believe. Enough of that subject, except to add one last thought. My second reason for not desiring publicity is that there are too many guys who are earning their decorations the hard way, in foxholes and tanks and planes – I don’t care to share in any of their much greater glory by a little cheap newspaper publicity. “
Diana Mara Henry's photography website
Diana Mara Henry's research on the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp
Diana Mara Henry's documentation of Carl Henry's return visit to Alsace
Students of history, please let us know if you want an internship!
More of Carl Henry's Poetry here
Above: Edith Entratter by Gabor Eder in portrait session before her marriage to Carl Henry Levy.
Below: "Back on the picket lines against Nazism after 50 years!"
(Carl Henry's handwritten caption)
Serial number, as officer: W2132018; as enlisted man: 12082499
Enlisted: May 16, 1942 : Ft. Monmouth
Following dates indicated as approximate:
December 1, 1942: Adjutant General/ Officer Training, Ft. Washington, MD. Never commissioned. Corporal
April 15, 1943, Ft. Monmouth, Corporal
July 15, 1943 Camp Forrest, TN : 80th Infantry, 319 th Inf. Corporal
January 1, 1944: Ft. Dix, Staff Sargeant
January 15, 1944: Commisssioned, Warrant Officer Junior Grade
May 9, 1945: Paris, France, Office of the General Purchasing Agent: made Chief Warrant Officer.
Discharged November 11, 1945. Ft. Devens, MA
See a summary of the 80th combat division personnel and headquarters locations in Europe
Carl Henry writings are Copyright © Diana Mara Henry / firstname.lastname@example.org
Please write for any permission to reproduce, or to be on our mailing list, or to share your comments!
The originals are in the Carl Henry special collection at the Du Bois Library, U Mass Amherst.